About Us

MINEVIK Machinery is a leading and pioneering enterprise with the most advanced international level in R&D, manufacturing and selling of large-scale crushing & screening plants and beneficiation plants.

large-scale crushing & screening plants and beneficiation plants.

All of our equipment have got ISO international quality system certification, European Union CE certification and Russian GOST certification.

  • In central China-Zhengzhou, covering 140 thousand square meters
  • Win-win cooperation and create more value to customers
  • Exported large quantities and high-end mobile crushing plant and milling equipments to Russia, Kazakhstan, Indonesia, Ecuador, South Africa, Nigeria, Turkey more than 100 countries .

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Our Products

AS a leading global manufacturer of crushing and milling equipment, we offer including quarry, aggregate, grinding production and complete stone crushing plant. We also supply individual crushers and mills as well as spare parts of them.

Services

Our goal is to guarantee the excellent operation equipment with high safety for our customers and minimize the downtime of the machine by predictive maintenance. Kefid service and original accessories can be 100% trusted at the time of maintenance.

SERVICE AND SUPPORT

Minevik service and original accessories can be 100% trusted at the time of maintenance.

ACCESSORIES CENTER

striving to enable customers to get the parts in the nearest place.

SALES MARKET

Our sales market is spread all over more than 100 countries and regions

zirconium hafnium separation

Zirconium Wikipedia

Separation of zirconium and hafnium. Commercial zirconium metal typically contains 1–3% of hafnium, which is usually not problematic because the chemical properties of hafnium and zirconium are very similar. Their neutron-absorbing properties differ strongly, however, necessitating the separation of hafnium from zirconium for nuclear reactors.

Hafnium Wikipedia

However, because of hafnium's neutron-absorbing properties, hafnium impurities in zirconium would cause it to be far less useful for nuclear-reactor applications. Thus, a nearly complete separation of zirconium and hafnium is necessary for their use in nuclear power. The production of hafnium-free zirconium is the main source for hafnium.

Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium samaterials

The Market price of low Hafnium Zirconium materials could cost 50~100% more compared with high Hf Zirconium. Stanford Advanced Materials provides high purity crystal bars of Zirconium as your Zr source. Both low Hafnium and high hafnium product is available. Hf content of our crystal bar could be lower than 250ppm.

(PDF) Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium: A Review

For the separation of hafnium from zirconium, a CuCl2-containing molten chloride salt is used to selectively extract hafnium in the zirconium produced in the electrolysis step. The effect of

Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium: A Review |

Abstract. Zirconium is an ideal material for nuclear reactors due to its low absorption cross-section for thermal neutrons, whereas the typically contained hafnium with strong neutron-absorption is very harmful for zirconium.

Separation of zirconium and hafnium by solvent extraction

31/05/2011· As a result, the optimum conditions for separation of zirconium and hafnium in this experiment can be introduced as follows: aqueous phase containing 3.5 M nitrate anion included 25% sodium nitrate and 75% nitric acid and organic phase containing 60 volume percent of TBP and Cyanex 923 mixture with volume ratio of 4 to 3.

Separation of Hafnium from Zirconium and Their

zirconium is eluted with a 10 percent sulfuric acid solution. For samples containing more than about 20 percent of zirconium the hafnium fraction may contain some zirconium and a second separation using the column is necessary to insure complete separation. The hafnium and zirconium are pre-cipitated with cupferron, ignited, and weighed as HfO2

Molten salt extractive distillation process for zirconium

Abstract. This patent describes an improvement in a process for zirconium-hafnium separation. It utilizes an extractive distillation column with a mixture of zirconium and hafnium tetrachlorides introduced into a distillation column having a top and bottom with hafnium enriched overheads taken from the top of the column and a molten salt solvent circulated through the column to provide a

Pyrometallurgical processes for the separation of hafnium

needed to remove hafnium from zirconium. A variety of methods such as fractional crystallisation, fractional distillation, ion migration, column chromatography, vapour phase dechlorination and solvent extraction have been employed for separation of hafnium from zirconium. Commercially, the solvent extraction process is practised

Molten salt extractive distillation process for zirconium

Abstract. This patent describes an improvement in a process for zirconium-hafnium separation. It utilizes an extractive distillation column with a mixture of zirconium and hafnium tetrachlorides introduced into a distillation column having a top and bottom with hafnium enriched overheads taken from the top of the column and a molten salt solvent circulated through the column to provide a

Separation of hafnium and zirconium by liquid-liquid

Hafnium is associated with zirconium in all natural occurring ores to approximately 2 per cent by weight. Hafnium, having a high neutron cross-section, must be removed from the zirconium prior to use in nuclear reactors, Hudswell (8) has reviewed the separation of hafnium and zirconium prior to 19U9. Hafnium-free zirconium has been prepared by

ZIRCONIUM-HAFNIUM SEPARATION (Technical Report) |

@article{osti_4247043, title = {ZIRCONIUM-HAFNIUM SEPARATION}, author = {Stickney, W.A.}, abstractNote = {During 33 months of operation the purification plant at Albany, Oreg., processed 2,500,000 pounds of commercial zirconium tetrachloride to produce lowhafnium zirconium oxide and low-zirconium hafnium oxide. TMe average hafnium content of the zirconium oxide was about 40 ppm and the hafnium

Zirconium-Hafnium Separation : Mixer-Settler Studies

Abstract: Use of the mixer-settler apparatus as a rapid means of determining improved conditions for plant operation is described including the experimental details. The preparation of highly purified samples of both zirconium oxide and hafnium oxide is discussed. (This document is concerned almost entirely with explorations of small scale continuous systems.

Zirconium and hafnium separation from chloride solutions

Zirconium and hafnium separation from chloride solutions by organophosphorous compounds by A. B. Vianna da Silva Jr. Department ofMiningand Metallurgical Engineering McGill University Montreal, Quebec, Canada September, 1996 Thesis submitted to theFaculty ofGraduate Studies and Research in partial fulfillment ofthe requirements for the degree

The separation of zirconium and hafnium by distillation

the separation of zirconium and hafnium by a distillation pro­ cease The problem was to produce zirconium containing less than a hafnium-zirconium ratio of 0.01/100 by weight, from commercial grade zirconium tetrachloride. This commercial grade 2

Separation of zirconium and hafnium using Diphonix

The best medium for separation of hafnium and zirconium is 0.5 M sulfuric acid. A decrease in temperature from 22 °C to 5 °C lowers the degree of metals separation; while lower flow rates through the column increases zirconium and hafnium separation. Under the best examined conditions, a 10 fold decrease of initial content of hafnium in

Separation of hafnium from zirconium using tributyl phosphate

Separation of hafnium from zirconium using tributyl phosphate Abstract The separation of hafnium from zirconium using tributyl phosphate offers interesting alternatives to present methods for making reactor-grade zirconium. Feed solution for the extraction step can be prepared from the reaction product of caustic and zircon sand. The purified

Study of Zirconium and Hafnium Separation by Solvent

Therefore the separation of these elements is of utmost importance for the use of zirconium tubes containing nuclear fuel. However, due to the great chemical similarity between Zr and Hf their separation is difficult [2] [5] [6]. Thus, the separation of zirconium and hafnium require elaborate processes. Among the known commercial processes

Zirconium-hafnium separation (Book, 1959) [WorldCat]

Zirconium hafnium separation: Responsibility: by William A. Stickney. Reviews. User-contributed reviews. Tags. Add tags for "Zirconium-hafnium separation". Be the first. Similar Items. Related Subjects: (2) Zirconium -- Metallurgy. Hafnium. Confirm this request. You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Hafnium Wikipedia

However, because of hafnium's neutron-absorbing properties, hafnium impurities in zirconium would cause it to be far less useful for nuclear-reactor applications. Thus, a nearly complete separation of zirconium and hafnium is necessary for their use in nuclear power. The production of hafnium-free zirconium is the main source for hafnium.

Method of separation of zirconium and hafnium

The closest analogue is known a method in which the separation of zirconium and hafnium perform a 60%solution of TBP in sulfonated kerosene from a nitric acid solution containing 56 g/l Zr, 0,785 g/l Hf [1,2% Σ(Zr+Hf)], 8,39 M HNO 3 when the ratio of organic and aqueous phase is 1

Hafnium tetrachloride Wikipedia

Hafnium and zirconium compounds are extracted from ores together and converted to a mixture of the tetrachlorides. The separation of HfCl 4 and ZrCl 4 is difficult because the compounds of Hf and Zr have very similar chemical and physical properties.

Zirconium and hafnium separation at Y-12

Zirconium and hafnium separation at Y-12 . When then Captain Hyman G. Rickover completed his nuclear reactor training at the Clinton Laboratories in 1947, he quickly saw the advantage of using highly enriched uranium reactors in ships. That was when it was first realized that there was a need to separate hafnium from zirconium for pure zirconium.

Separation of zirconium from hafnium by ion exchange

Separation of zirconium from hafnium by ion exchange Elaine C. B. Felipe Department of Mineral Technology, Center for the Development of Nuclear Technology (CDTN), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil View further author information

The Ion-Exchange Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium

Although the conditions which give satisfactory separation were first worked out using microgram amounts of material and the radioactive tracer technique, the run described here, involving milligrams of material, illustrates the applicability of the method to the production of significant amounts of pure hafnium and zirconium.

Separation of Zirconium and Hafnium: A Review

Zirconium is an ideal material for nuclear reactors due to its low absorption cross-section for thermal neutrons, whereas the typically contained hafnium with strong neutron-absorption is very harmful for zirconium. This paper provides an overview of the processes for separating hafnium from zirconium. The separation processes are roughly

US6737030B2 Method for separating hafnium from

A method is provided to optimize separation of zirconium from hafnium by extraction of a feed mix including (Zr+Hf)OCl 2 with a thiocyanate-containing organic phase. The method includes maintaining the TA/MO 2 ratio in a range from greater than about 2.55 to about 3.5.

v116n10a4 The separation of zirconium and hafnium from (NH

The separation of zirconium and hafnium from (NH 4) 3Zr(Hf)F 7 zirconium metal starting from the mineral zircon (ZrSiO 2) (Nel et al., 2014). According to the patent, plasma-dissociated zircon is reacted with ammonium bifluoride and an (NH 4) 3Zr(Hf)F 7 complex is formed and isolated for downstream processing, i.e. separation of Zr and Hf. It

Zircon Sponge & Alloys | Zircon Industry Association

Zirconium metal, or sponge, is used mainly in the nuclear industry with a requirement for minimum content of hafnium. The chemical and physical similarity of zirconium and hafnium means that separation of these two metals is difficult.

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